Neck And Back Pain:
Now a days neck and back pain have become a common issue in almost all age groups especially in lower age groups that is “Children”. Back-ache in children is much more likely to have something underlying when compared to elder and deserves more careful attention. So this post mostly deals in solving the issue relating to children’s neck and back pain, but these given preventive steps can be effective to some other age groups as well if the causes and reasons illustrated in this post-match your symptoms.
Reasons For Bad Neck And Back Pain:
- Lack of exercise: Exercise is very necessary for developing sound activation in the spinal muscles. This can be attained through playing or regular exercise (Ignorance of which makes muscles and bones weak thus leading to neck and back pain).
- Faulty Ergonomics At School: While designing the furniture at school, it is made by taking into consideration the height and weight of children with average built. These students account for about 95th percentile of the student but the remaining 5 percentile (who are too tall or too short) find it difficult to adjust in these seats. Neck-And-Back-Pain
- Heavy Back Packs: Often, back bags/packs may equal 20% to 40% of the child’s own body weight (equivalent to a 150-pound adult carrying a 30 to 60 pound back bag around 5 days a week). These back bags/packs carried by school or college going students can lead to spinal problems.
- Long Travels: Travelling long distances in poorly maintained vehicles and that even on bad roads adds to the burden on already compromised spines leading ton neck and back pain.
- Unhealthy Diet: Children/teenage found having pain are most of those who lack behind in vitamin D and calcium content. The use of pesticides and adulterants are also reasons for a low nutritious diet.
Patho-Physio Causes Of Neck And Back Pain:
- Imbalances And Muscle Strain: In 80% cases, the reason for back pain is a musculoskeletal strain. Rest and anti-inflammatory medications and exercise are the best solutions for this type of pain. This is often associated with tight hamstring muscles and weak abdominal muscles.
- Rounded back: In children, rounded back is a very common cause for back pain in the middle of the back, the thoracic spine. The pain gets worse with bending /stretching.
- Infection: Neck and back pain can also occur with the infection in the diskitis (disk space).Typically it affects children in 1 to 5 years of age, although older children and teenagers can also be affected.
- Stress Fracture of The Spine: Pain due to stress fracture is usually mild and may radiate to the buttocks and legs. The pain gets worse with activity and better with rest.
DO’S And DONT’S:
- Avoid bending from your back while lifting heavy weights from the floor. Always bend your knees while lifting. Use your arms and legs while lifting. Also, hold the weight/load closer to the body.
- Avoid carrying bags to one side or dangling them behind. Always try distributing the load evenly. Carrying bags to one side will lead to improper and uneven weight distribution which eventually leads to poor posture and may cause mal-alignment of the spinal cord. This can cause severe headache, muscle strain, arm pain, neck and back pain or even nerve damage.
- Make sure that the children wear the right footwear. Soft-soled shoes are supportive and have a good grip that makes it easier to carry heavy backpacks.
- Ensure that your child does exercise regularly. Lets them take part in various outdoor activities and sports (to avoid muscle imbalances).
- Have a nutritious diet so that the necessary vitamins, minerals and calcium requirement of the body is fulfilled.
- Parents should ensure that bags packs are packed correctly. Heavy objects should be packed first and placed on the inside of the bag, closer to the spine and pelvis.
- Never ignore pain or discomfort. Immediately takes precautions as discussed above or consult your physician.